The Different Types of Roofing Shingles Explained

The Different Types of Roofing Shingles Explained

Did you know that wood and clay shingles were the popular choice until the mid-19th century? Nowadays, there are many different options for your roof. If you’re looking to choose new shingles, we can help.

Are you wondering what the different types of roofing shingles are? Not to worry! In this guide, we’ll go over roof shingle types and what to consider.

Want to learn more? Keep reading.

Clay and Concrete Shingles

If you live in the Southwest, you could consider concrete or clay shingles. You will be able to choose from a variety of roof shingle colors. Also, clay and concrete shingles are energy-efficient and non-combustible.

The only drawback is they are heavier in weight. Not all roofing structures will be able to support these shingles.

You can choose from scalloped tiles with different colors or barrel-shaped shingles. You will see these shingles on Spanish-style homes throughout the Southwest.

Clay will reflect the sunlight and insulate the interior from the cold and heat. You also won’t have to worry about clay fading over time.

With concrete, you will need to consult with a structural engineer. A roof will need extra framing to support the weight during installation.

The other benefit is, you can repair these tiles on your own with roofing cement. Yet, replacing an individual tile on your own could get tricky because of the weight.

Asphalt Shingles

Do you live in the Northeast or Northwest? You might want to consider asphalt shingles for your roof.

Some people prefer a multi-layered look while others seek a thinner, single-layered variety.

Asphalt shingles are popular because they’re waterproof and can withstand heavy snow. Yet, asphalt shingles can get loose from high winds or fluctuating temperatures.

If you need to make a small repair, you can do so with ease. Asphalt shingles are lightweight, so you can lift the broken one and replace it.

Wood Shingles

You might want to choose wood shingles for your roof if you’re looking for a rustic aesthetic.

Choose from pine, spruce, or cedarwood shingles. You will be able to buy wood shingles at a lower price compared to composite or concrete ones.

Over time, you can power wash away mold or mildew on shingles. Damaged shingles will need to get replaced. Wood shingles will get placed on top of plywood decking. You might find it more difficult to replace these shingles compared to asphalt ones.

You will need to find wood shingles with a Class A fire rating. Otherwise, they are vulnerable to hot weather.

Metal Shingles

Do you live in the Southeast or Northwest? If so, you might want to consider these shingles.

Metal shingles will have a longer lifespan compared to wood or asphalt shingles. Therefore, they will be a little more expensive.

You can get metal shingles made of copper, aluminum, or steel. Metal shingles are energy efficient because they reflect sunlight. You will have a cooler home.

Metal shingles are resistant to fire, wind, rot, and rain. You will notice that rain sounds loud on a metal roof compared to other roof types. You could always install an extra layer of insulation under the shingles.

Metal shingles will cost more, but you will save money in the long run. Repairing or replacing metal shingles is easy to do because they’re lightweight. You can screw the metal shingles to your roof with screws.

Slate Shingles

If you live in the Midwest, consider ordering some slate shingles. Slate shingles have a long life span and have a lower risk of leakage.

Slate shingles are heavier, so not all roof structures will pair well with them. You will also spend more on these shingles.

Slate shingles give an elegant and natural look while also promising durability. Slate shingles are moisture-resistant, non-combustible, and heat resistant. The slate shingles can last up to 100 years and withstand massive volumes of snow.

A roof made from slate shingles can run expensive. Not all companies install them or have the experience so search around.

Talk to a structural engineer beforehand as well. This way, you can make sure your roof structure can withstand the weight.

Don’t try to repair or replace slate shingles on your own. Instead, call in a professional.

Composite Shingles

No matter your region, you can use composite shingles. Composite shingles will look like a replica of natural materials. Keep in mind that they are a little more expensive, and not all roofers have worked with them before.

Composite shingles get made from rubber, polymer, or plastic. You will have a variety of styles and colors to browse. Some of the shingles types will feel and look like slate or wood.

Composite shingles can keep their color for up to 50 years. The other positives include being impact and heat resistant. Some additives will get added to the shingles to defend against UV rays and moss.

Your composite shingles will offer less insulation compared to wood or slate shingles. Composite shingles are suitable for all climates. But low-quality shingles could absorb water or warp in rainy regions.

Not all roofers know how to install these types of shingles. Replacing damaged individual shingles isn’t as tricky as slate shingles.

Consider your budget and expectation for durability. Composite shingles that appear like slate will be cheaper but won’t last as long.

Composite shingles can look like wood but are expensive. Yet these shingles will last longer and have a higher resistance to fire.

Now You Know More About the Types of Roofing Shingles

We hope you found this guide on different types of roofing shingles helpful. Consider your expectations for your roof and your region. Talk to a roofing professional to decide on the right shingles.

Check out our other helpful resources on home maintenance, real estate, and more.