Koi ponds are multipurpose – aesthetics and the symbol of serenity; if you are looking for relaxation, installing one in your property is a great idea. There are several koi types, and if you plan well, you can bring out the beauty of all the different species. The following post is all about expert tips that will allow you to create the best koi pond at your property.
Choose a place
The first step is quite obviously choosing the perfect place for the pond at your property. Keep in mind the closer the pond is to your living quarters, the better it is for the enjoyment factor. You need to remember that koi ponds need shade, so avoid areas that get plenty of sunlight. Placing the pond in the sun will lead to the algal formation. Also, keep in mind to place the pond at a visible location from both inside and outside.
The second consideration is the pond’s size – ask yourself how big you would like your pond to be? Trace it out on the ground. Keep in mind that you need around 1500 gallons of tank/pond space for a proper school of koi. If you are a beginner, it might seem like an awful lot to handle, but let us assure you that you won’t be happy with a smaller dimension pond within a few months.
Bacteria tank and circulation
The maintenance of a koi pond is hugely crucial. Keep in mind that koi fish create certain types of necessary bacteria. These bacteria help the fishes to survive by conditioning the water. Part of the pond construction includes installing a bacteria tank that provides conducive conditions for the helpful microbes to proliferate. For circulation, you need to install a waterfall as well. Make sure that the waterfall is running over rocks to create a natural effect.
Use a liner
Once you have dug the hole for the pond, make sure to cover it with a liner. The liner should generally extend about a foot outside your home. Make sure you are anchoring the liner with rocks. And, always maintain caution while walking around the pond to avoid ripping-off the liner.
The fact about the water pump
When it comes to the water pump, you need to make sure that the power is adequate concerning the pond’s size. All koi ponds will need a circulating pump, and you should choose the power output based on the flow rate you need to manage your tank. Make sure to install the pump close to the pond’s base but not right at the bottom, as this will suck up the sediment.
Don’t forget the water filter
According to experts, the water filter is the heart of a koi pond. The filter keeps the water clear and healthy for the fish. A majority of koi ponds fail simply due to the owners’ negligence and failure to install the right water filter. Water filters are multipurpose tools, and here are the two main reasons you need to install one right away.
- As a mechanical filter to remove fish waste and avoid cloudy water.
- As a biological filter that converts ammonia into nitrites and nitrates to be used by fish.
Rocks for the koi pond
Rocks are usually for decoration purposes for terrariums, aquariums, and ponds. You can use rocks to beautify your koi pond, but there are a few considerations to keep in mind. Koi, by nature, are curious and rooting. So, there is a chance of injury if the rocks are jagged and pointy. Also, decorative and colored rocks are a strict-no as they may kill your fish.
Are you thinking about plants?
Some experts argue that plants are necessary for a pond since they consume the build-up nitrates to restore overall health. However, remember that every pond will build some algae amounts, which is usually enough to consume the excess nitrate. If you are thinking about planting, you need to exercise patience as plants will require some time to take hold, grow, and look healthy.
When to add fish?
Once you have completed all the steps mentioned above, you can add your koi fishes. It is always a great idea to wait a few weeks to put the fishes in the pond. A few sets of circulation and bacteria build-up are essential for the health of the pond.
Making the pond predator proof
You need to install measures to predator-proof your koi pond. Here are some of the best tips.
When it comes to protecting your koi fish, a floating mesh the best protection that money can offer. A UV-resistant floating mesh will last a long time and is quite an affordable option as well. Protective mesh offers protection against birds and animals. Predators won’t be able to reach your fish when you install a floating mesh.
Gadgets for protection
Ultrasonic gadgets are perfect if you want a modern protection system against a predatory bird or animal. These gadgets emit ultrasonic sounds when an animal or bird approaches the pond, which scares away the predators. Ultrasonic waves are safe for fish and plants. You can also install automatic water squirters to scare away cats and dogs if they approach the pond.
Underwater fish cages
Underwater fish cages are water sanctuaries where fishes can hide when they sense danger. These sanctuaries are called koi houses and are made from mesh cages. Keep in mind that the underwater cages should have a large enough opening to allow the fishes to slide in easily and hide.
Natural barriers like plants, vegetation, and rocks serve as protection against predators. You can use these natural barriers alongside the gadgets and other protection options for a comprehensive threat negation. You can place these barriers in and around the pond to deter the land predators as well. Make sure you install water plants with broader foliage like lilies to shield your fish from birds. Keep in mind our expert guide to install and maintain a koi pond on your property. All the best!